Egyptian Pedagogical Tradition

We all probably remember studying ancient Egypt at school - pyramids and  scriber schools.
Professional scribes worked like modern lawyers or accountants and were freed from tax. Not only did these scribes create a base for the thriving cultural heritage but according to the Greeks themselves, they invented philosophy. How did they obtain their knowledge?

Read on for a glimpse of what's in my upcoming book!
The aim of education was  to maintain the structure of society 
The pedagogical developments of ancient Egypt are well documented and date back to around 3000 BC. Ch. From numerous writings we know that character education, considered an ideal at the time, followed a previously established model: a man should be silent, brave and resist the blows of fate. Although Egyptian parents loved their children, they dealt with them harshly and were always warned not to pimp them.

The teaching method consisted of two steps: First, one learned to copy script without knowing the meaning of the written text. The second step required the teacher to dictate the text. Later, after a student mastered writing, he learned Rhetoric, and this was the most important. 

"You language is stronger than a weapon," says the papyrus text.

During the times of the Middle Kingdom (about 2137-1781 BC) schooling was divided into lower and higher stages. Reading, writing and dealing with people was learned in the primary school curriculum, and mathematics, astronomy and religion in the secondary school. Sports included gymnastics, and hunting.

image: wikimedia

"Write  strenuous and do not be lazy, otherwise you'll be brutally beaten. Your hand should be relentlessly based on the knowledge, you should not rest for a day, otherwise you will be beaten."
​(from a letter of the 19th dynasty)